Harnessing the Power of Bulls and Bears for Momentum Profits

The Elder Ray Index is a trend-following indicator, employing two indicators referred to as Bulls Power and Bears Power to track price trends. A 13-period exponential moving average (EMA) helps determine which direction the trend is moving in, with trading signals generated whenever there is divergence between Bulls Power and price.

This indicator works on the theory that during an up move buyers become greedier and move closer to purchasing high-priced stocks; on a down move sellers become fearful and sell near lows.

Bulls Power

The Elder Ray index, developed by Alexander Elder and used as part of his Triple Screen trading system, consists of three elements – Bulls Power, Bears Power and an Exponential Moving Average (EMA13). This indicator serves to show trends while providing buying/selling signals – with optimal trading signals occurring when all three indicators align perfectly.

Everyday trading involves an ongoing battle between buyers (“Bulls”) pushing prices higher and sellers (“Bears”) driving them lower; the victor of which determines the final price for that day. Elder devised a formula to measure buyer and seller strength; his Bulls and Bears Power indicators show this calculation graphically as histograms on charts; he recommended an exponential moving average (EMA) period of 13 days as their baseline indicator.

Bulls Power is calculated by subtracting the Exponential Moving Average from an asset’s daily high price. When this high is higher than the EMA, its histogram sits above zero; when its price falls lower, however, its histogram falls beneath this mark and so the indicator becomes negative and its histogram falls beneath this line.

To maximize their use, it’s essential that you understand their functioning and what their meaning is. For instance, when the EMA is rising while Bulls Power histogram falls below, this indicates buyers are strong and an imminent buy signal may occur; conversely if an asset falls and Bulls Power falls beneath, this indicates it might be best sold now.

Bulls and Bears power indicators can be easily integrated into a chart of any financial instrument in your trading platform, appearing as histograms beneath it. You can customize both width and color of bars according to your trading style; once this has been accomplished, trading can begin immediately. Before applying any new settings in live trading environments, always conduct tests in demo trading first!

Bears Power

Alexander Elder created the Elder-ray Index with two trend-following indicators known as Bulls Power and Bears Power to assist traders in understanding the current power balance between buyers and sellers in the market. Furthermore, these tools allow traders to determine when its course changes.

The Bulls Power indicator measures buyer strength by subtracting an exponential moving average (typically 13 days) from a stock’s high price and displaying it as a histogram underneath its price chart; similarly, Bears Power shows seller strength by subtracting an EMA from a stock’s low price and displaying this data as a negative histogram below the chart.

Bulls Power increases when bulls are stronger and falls when weaker, turning negative when utterly vulnerable. If bulls are strong enough, they will push prices above the EMA, widening the distance between low and EMA; similarly, bears power has the same principle; it forms lower lows when stronger bears appear and narrower lows when weaker bears come on strong.

Both indicators may be utilized independently, but to replicate Alexander Elder’s original intent they should be combined with a 13-day exponential moving average (EMA). This combination will ensure that the Elder-ray index works as intended while producing fewer false signals.

To determine whether it’s a buy or sell signal, it’s essential to compare the peaks of histograms with price. Ideally, they should coincide; when this doesn’t happen a buy signal may occur when either histogram peaks rise above it while price remains steady or drops. A sell signal occurs when histogram drops below price and declines significantly whereas vice versa.

Divergences between Bulls Power and Bears Power indicators and prices provide traders with excellent trading opportunities when using the Elder-Ray indicator. When trend indicators point up and Bears Power drops below zero while rising, buy and sell signals become stronger; conversely when trend indicators point down while Bulls Power increases, this acts as a sell signal.


The Exponential Moving Average (EMA) is one of the most well-known technical analysis indicators available to traders, who use it alongside other indicators to make more informed trading decisions and spot trends. Since EMA can produce trading signals with some delay, traders should always combine it with other indicators in order to prevent false signals being generated by its use alone.

The Elder Ray Index was devised by Alexander Elder as a highly accurate trend-following indicator. This index works on the theory that market participants are driven by greed and fear when making investment decisions; when on an upward move buyers become greedier; during down-moves sellers become fearful and sell nearer the lows – using this ratio between forces as its basis, the Elder Ray Index uses their ratio as its primary trend indicator.

To implement ERI on your chart, begin by attaching an EMA and choosing your period preference. Next, search and add Elder Ray Bull Power Indicator with its separate indicator box on your chart. Afterward, search and add Elder Ray Bear Power Indicator until all three indicators match in terms of inputs, methods, and period lengths.

Once you’ve added ERI to your chart, it is easy to begin deciphering its signals. One effective strategy for doing this is looking out for divergences between bull and bear power; in particular, bullish divergences indicate that market is likely to continue rising while bearish divergences suggest taking short positions is wiser.

As another crucial indicator, look out for signs of trend reversal; an easy way to identify this change can be through an EMA reversal. By following this technique you can profit from market momentum shifts by placing trades that align with their new direction if one occurs; but keep in mind that reversals don’t guarantee profitable trades!

Time Frame

The Elder-Ray trading system employs two indicators – Bulls Power and Bears Power – along with an EMA trend-following moving average. These indicators measure buyer and seller strength and pinpoint when bulls overtake bears, enabling traders to predict which direction the market is taking before making decisions on whether to buy or sell depending on its outcome. EMA also acts as a filter, only permitting trades in accordance with where indicators point.

The Exponential Moving Average, or EMA, is an exponential moving average that uses 13 periods to display overall price consensus. It is widely recommended to use this indicator as a baseline and measure buyer and seller power by subtracting it from daily high or low prices – the results being plotted as green or red lines on a histogram display at the bottom of any chart.

For traders seeking the highest-quality trading signals, it is vitally important that they detect divergences between bull or bear power and market price. An EMA divergence represents an early warning sign of possible change in trend direction; traders should use this opportunity to cover short positions or invest.

As important, momentum metrics reveal whether a stock has strong fundamentals or simply riding on pure speculation. For instance, metrics such as earnings revision, earnings surprise and return on equity help highlight profitability while decreasing risk by not loading up on stocks rising on nothing but momentum alone.

To maximize their Elder Ray index trading signals, traders should utilize it with a higher-time-frame chart (e.g. a weekly one). Before applying the Elder-Ray indicator for buying/selling/shorting/covering decisions or shorting/covering decisions using it, traders should first identify market trend on this chart and identify any EMA filters on it that filter out signals that do not align with it.

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